|1.||How do I know if my horse has gastric ulcers?||Top|
|You will need to work with your veterinarian in order to schedule and perform a gastric endoscope evaluation for your horse. This procedure is performing under sedation with the horse standing and normally takes 10 –20 minutes. Pictures or videos taken during the procedure will allow the veterinarian to document the diagnosis and prognosis, as well as a to compare and establish follow up evaluation of the treatments.
There are several signs that have been associated with gastric ulcers in horses, especially those that show abnormal behavior, bad mood, unwilling to perform or compete and aggressiveness, however, none of those are reliable signs and should not be use as good indicators of gastric ulcers.
Several studies revealed that beside preventive measurements only a few treatments are available to successfully treat this condition, being Omeprazole (Gastrogard Paste) the most effective one.
|2.||What is laminitis?||Top|
|It is the inflammation and degeneration of the laminae of the foot. The laminae is the structure between the bone inside the hoof (P3) and the inner hoof wall. The laminae is responsible for the strong attachment between these two structures. Any damage of this important structure will promote detachment or separation between the bone and the hoof wall.
This separation is commonly called rotation of P3 or coffin bone in some cases and sinking of the P3 in others, depending how the changes occur.
Laminitis is associated with a wide range of diseases, including colic, enterotoxaemia, toxic plants, steroids, retain placenta and different stressed situations including grain overload, metabolic changes, extreme exercise and rigorous transport. The substance or substances that induce laminitis have not been yet identified and although 60–70 % of the cases are related to ingestion of large amount of sugar and starch in the grain or grass and colic, in the majority of the cases the cause of laminitis is never found.
By the time the horse shows clinical signs, major and potentially irreversible changes have already occurred in the digit. It only take 12 hours to see the signs which the more important is severe pain.
Laminitis is one of the most devastated diseases in horses. There will be a large numbers of horses that will not recover from this disease but rather become chronically affected. In many cases, euthanasia is the only humane action to take. This emphasizes the need for early and aggressive preventive and therapeutic actions.
The main clinical sign is that the horse is reluctant to move. In every case this is considered an emergency; therefore your veterinarian will need to treat this condition and asses the damages and prognosis base on clinical signs, radiographic evaluation of the feet and response to treatment.
|3.||How do I know if my horse have dental problems?||Top|
Every horse needs a routine dental check up every year in order to identify and correct any problem. The horse must be able to chew properly in order to produce and swallow the bolus. One of the main problems that we seen often is that very coarse stems can not be safely swallowed and the horse might choke trying to eat like that. Adult’s horses do not produce new tooth material and they are designed to last the life of the horse. The mastication in the horse is elliptically and forward – backward which lead to side to side motion that also allow them to chew on one side of the mouth at a time The oral cavity in the horse is very long with a relatively narrow access, therefore in order to perform a complete oral examination it is necessary to use a mouth speculum which has to be done under sedation otherwise the horse is not going to let you open the mouth enough to check and work in the back of the oral cavity. This evaluation should be done by an equine veterinarian only and no by a dental technician who does not has the knowledge require treating this problems nor the license to prescribe or administer this type of drugs which belong to the controlled substances group regulated in the US by the DEA.
|4.||How is stem cell therapy done in horses and what are the advantages of it?||Top|
|Horses that have tendon injuries and arthritis can have the option of been treated with stem cell therapy which will speed up the healing process dramatically. This technique requires the collection of adipose (fat) tissue from the rump of the horse. This tissue is submitted to a special laboratory, which process the sample and harvest stem cell able to regenerate very rapidly. These cells are then placed in special syringes and are sending back for intralesional injection in the horse. If the amount of fat submitted to the laboratory is enough then it is possible to continuously harvest of these cells for up to a year or more for futures treatments. The entire procedure takes 72 hours and the injection(s) have to be done the day they arrive otherwise a large number of cell will perish. There are several reports that indicate the beneficial effect of stem cell therapy in horses.|